Details: OER & ZTC

A widely used Open Educational Resources (OER) definition comes from the Hewlett Foundation:

Open Educational Resources are teaching, learning, and research resources that reside in the public domain or have been released under an intellectual property license that permits their free use and repurposing by others. OER include full courses, course materials, modules, textbooks, streaming videos, tests, software, and any other tools, materials, or techniques used to support access to knowledge.

OER pioneer David Wiley developed the "5 Rs" of OER to provide further clarity:

The terms "open content" and "open educational resources" describe any copyrightable work (traditionally excluding software, which is described by other terms like "open source") that is licensed in a manner that provides users with free and perpetual permission to engage in the 5R activities:

Open Educational Resources are always free. But "value-added" tools and services from printing OER texts, to homework systems that complement a free text, to technology platforms that help teachers design their own classes around a variety of curated resources can add a nominal cost for students in classes using OERs.

The California Community College Chancellor's Office defines Zero Textbook Cost (ZTC) programs as follows:

"Zero-textbook-cost degrees” means community college associate degrees or career technical education certificates earned entirely by completing courses that eliminate conventional textbook costs by using alternative instructional materials
and methodologies, including open educational resources. Discretionary student printing of instructional materials shall not be considered a cost as part of this program.

ZTC courses thus may use OERs and/or other materials that are free for students such as resources available through the college library, freely accessed online materials, etc. California state law SB 1359 requires that by January 1, 2018 all CCCs and CSUs:

identify in the online version of the campus course schedule its courses that exclusively use digital course materials, as specified, and communicate to students that the course materials for these courses are free of charge and therefore not required to be purchased.

Watch a short, inspiring video on OER and Open Education.

Check out OpenOregon's OER FAQ for Faculty.

Creative Commons

Many creators of OER, as well as a variety of digital media, use Creative Commons licenses to designate the specific permissions granted to those who would use the work. This not only provides clarity about how the work may be used and attributed, but also makes it easier to discover the resources through searching.

Most if not all education-related grant programs at the federal and state level now require any educational materials created through grant funding to have a CC-BY license.

It's not complicated, but it is important to be familiar with the Creative Commons licenses and how they relate to your rights and responsibilities as a user or creator of OER.

Research on Impact of OER / ZTC Adoption

Increasingly, research is demonstrating that OER use has a positive impact on student access and success. Some of the emerging findings include:

Go in depth with CCCOER's research resources.

Ready to Learn More?

See the Faculty Support page for upcoming in-person and online workshops, as well as links to independent online "courses" for faculty wanting to learn more about Open Educational Resources.