Images and Graphics
- Provide alternative text for all non-text elements (i.e., images, animations objects, audio/video files).
- Decorative images that do not convey important information should contain an empty alternative text (alt=””).
- For complex graphs or charts, provide the description in the body of the page or provide a link to the long description using a normal text link.
- Provide alternative text descriptions for image maps and redundant text links for each active region.
- Do not include objects that flicker, move, blink or scroll (may cause seizure).
Links, Hypertext, and Text
- Avoid uninformative link phrases such as “click here”, “more”, and “here”.
- Provide a way to skip over repetitive links. Example: skip to content link.
- Choose fonts and sizes that are easy to read.
- Provide sufficient contrast between the text and background.
- Do not use color alone to convey meaning.
Example: “All the dates on my syllabus in red are due dates.”
- This requirement is critical for students with visual disabilities who are color blind.
- Avoid backgrounds that interfere with the readability of text.
- Use built-in styles (Heading 1, Heading 2, etc.) to organize content.
- Include descriptive information before a bulleted list.
- Ensure that multimedia (video) has synchronized captions for deaf and hard of hearing students.
- Provide audio or text descriptions for visual multimedia presentations. This requirement is critical for students with visual disabilities.
- Create transcript or script of audio/video during the production process to expedite captioning.
- Simplify tables so that a screen reader will logically read the information from left to right. Carefully label column and row headings.
- Use tables primarily to present data rather than to layout content.
- Give titles to explain the purpose or content of the frame (e.g., Navigation, Content).
- Label form fields using the <label> tag.
- Provide alternative text for all images and graphics.
- Use the insert table, columns, and bulleted list features within Word and PowerPoint. Avoid using, for example, text boxes or spacing to build tables.
- Scan clean copies of materials to add to course. Make sure text is legible.
- Locate materials in already accessible formats (.html, .doc, .txt). Purchase captioned video.
- Create accessible pdfs
- Use PowerPoint templates.
- Maintain good contrast between background and text.
- Keep text on each slide to a maximum of 6 bullets.
- Give each slide a title.
- Create graphs and charts using the Chart Wizard.
- Describe complex graphs and charts in the notes section of each slide.